Dear Users of the PELGREEN BYOBIN-COMPOSORB TECHNOLOGY, We have noticed, during routine customer support visit at Byobin-Composorb implementation sites that some discrepancies and confusion prevail in the use of Pelrich Byobin-Composorb usage. Please find below the procedure for your kind information. Kindly read the instructions carefully and do Pelrich Byobin-composorb composting systematically to avoid difficulties. Also please keep in mind composting under urban conditions are challenging and need a thorough supervision. Please revert back with any queries you have.
FAQ’s (selected out of customer queries):
The compost generated out of Byobin-composorb method will have the following characteristics which are world class.
i. Compost will double up as soil less planting media
ii. Compost will keep degrading after parting nutrients to plants enabling continuous addition of compost to plants. Or else now the pile of waste will turn to pile of compost.
Sell- ability of compost is limited due to the bad cosmetic appearance of the compost. Farmers are used to uniformly pulverized compost. Further due to the continuous composting there is no shelf life (which is an advantage for internal consumption). Utilization of compost in flats- a carbon fixing proposition: Around 50 nos of 50L pots (new or exisiting) @ 1 pot/ 2 apartments in an apartment complex with 100 flats, will be sufficient to consume the compost they generate when the pots are filled with compost and grown fruit shrubs like lemon, pomegranate, papaya, banana and curry leaves. These pots will keep on accommodating the compost every month.
Paper will compost only after 3-4 months and will be visible at the end of the month when we take out compost. If used as planting media as described above, it will go inside the pots and there are no issues. However if it is used as manure, on drying, the papers will fly around after drying. Please note lining of bins with paper or plastic is banned as per rules, the rules prescribe transfer of wet waste from bins to bins without liners. Further printing ink is toxic and hence printed paper should not be composted.
A few issues apartments face are:
Pelrich composorb is the first product in the world that provides the multiple advantages of lingo-cellulosic degradation, absorption of obnoxious gases and compost wet waste in less than 2 months. Further owing to our technology, we produce compost with the lowest electrical conductivity.
All biodegradable matter can be put inside the bin. Coconut shell and tender coconut leftovers will stay back after 30 days and hence better advised not to be added into the bin. if added by mistake, can be removed even after composting. No dry waste is allowed.
Yes, the valve is for removing the leachate (once in 2 days), not for odour removal but for enabling air passage. Leachate (1L/day/bin) can be immediately administered to the garden and irrigated to avoid any bad smell.
Byobin-composorb can handle non-veg and bone scraps. The bones will not disintegrate completely but the protein part will completely decompose making the bone a stick of calcium phosphate not attractive anymore to the bonetarians. Further it will break down when in contact with plant environment in a few months time. If the compost is used as a soil less planting media, it can be conveniently buried below the soil. Regarding shredder, we have seen in a few apartments that shredding wet waste with dry leaves adds to the quality and speed of composting. Shredder is an advantage. However as an eco-sensitive organization, we recommend carbon neutral protocols and zero consumption of power.
Yes, it can be used indoors. However the handling of waste will create some spillage and some leachate getting spilled over. Even in minute quantities, in a closed environment, it will give concentrated smell. So we prefer out doors. To make it aesthetically appealing, we can hang pots around it so that it will not even appear to be a composting bin. Further if placed in the middle of the garden, even if some maggots crawl out, it will form pupae on the plant. In concrete environment the larvae may crawl around creating in-convenience.
Total waste has to be shared between the first set of bins @ a max of 15Kg/ each bin every day and not alternate days. If we put more than 15KG (4-5 inches) in one bin the weight will create anaerobic condition in between the layers, the microbial colony will find it difficult to reach the inner layer and the leachate formed in the wet waste will not get drained out.
So after 6 weeks, that compost can be emptied and bin is available to start afresh? Do we need to test the compost in any way before using?: Once the bin is full, after 15 days from the last day of adding waste to the bin, top layers of compost (6 to 12 inches) can be taken into bags,. the top most layer though not fully composted will be dried and degraded (without smell). By taking the top layers we enable rapid drying (due to internal heat) of the lower layers (which are composted). In the next 15 days the compost bin will get emptied (when compost taken once in 3 days) and the compost in the bags will complete the composting cycle (of 30 days)
The usage depends on the type of waste too. More non-veg will require less space accommodating max of 20 apartments/bin. However more veg will bring down the capacity to 15 apartments/bin. Thus for 90 apartments it will vary from 4-6. We have not encountered yet an apartment complex requiring more than 1bin/15 apartments.
There is no minimum quantity. Even if waste is not put for months in the bin, the byobin will operate as the microbes in the bin will hibernate (sporulate) till fresh waste is added.
It is not required to crush waste. Uncrushed waste may appear in the amorphous original shape, as when added into the bin, at the end of composting period in the bin. These materials may not be completely degraded at the end of composting cycle. However they are considered composted as they will continue to degrade without creating any increment in EC (electrical conductivity value), nitrogenous gases and leachate further. Potatoes, onions and similar materials can be added without crushing into the bin. Nevertheless crushing helps in faster degradation and obtaining cosmetically uniform compost. But that is irrelevant when waste management is a priority while it may be of significance in commercial agriculture space where sales of compost is involved.
15-20 kg waste can be added to byobin daily depending on the bulk density. In fact it is the volume rather than the weight that matters. 4-5 inches of waste can be added to byobin daily. In Byobin that will amount to 15-20kg. If added beyond this there will be a natural compression of waste due to own weight pulping it, resulting in anaerobic condition. By limiting to 4-5 inch, and giving 24 hrs before next addition, the liquid portion in the waste is allowed to drain, reducing the chances of it getting pulped, enabling further addition of waste next day. Lesser quantity of waste will increase the recurring cost as daily we need to add composorb. Or else waste from two days can be coupled to create 4-5 inch layer in the bin over which a layer of composorb can be added. In that case the overnight waste may create some stench which will be completely nullified by the addition of composorb.
The pipes are in-fact loosely fixed to provide for a little cluttered job that may come out of the workers. The pipes are to be removed from the tank before taking out the compost. It can/need to be fixed back as stress free as possible for longer life.
Absolutely right. The leachate (1-2L/day/bin) need to be removed every alternate day. Alternately leachate can also be plumbed into the sewage line leading to STP. The microbial load in the leachate will enhance STP functioning.
For every 4-5 inch layer, (15-20Kg) waste 2.5L (~ 1.25Kg) Composorb is required to create a thin uniform layer. Every bin will thus consume 0.75 bag composorb (100L) , @ Rs.12/L, Rs.900/bin/month.
The residents should not be generally allowed to put the waste into the bin. This way there will be no control on the chances of non-biodegradable and toxic waste like glass, paper, metal, plastic, e- waste and sanitary waste reaching byobin. Housekeeping team should go door to door, inspect the biodegradable waste bin, confirm absence of even a toffee wrapper and then take it to the byobin.
Composting naturally produce heat, which in bangalore, due to cooler climate, is easily conducted out. This enables fungus working in 30-35 degree C becoming more virulent. However we have fungal strains in the inoculums that can work at higher temperatures in such an event.